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2011-08-18 09:49:01|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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拓展阅读:
   
    This is not the world we know. This world is controlled by computers. Men and women can be seen, but they are following orders given to them by machines. The machines were designed by mad scientists, but at some point even the mad scientists were taken over by their super-inventions.
   
    Does this sound familiar? You have probably read something like it in magazines or books, or seen it in a film. Why is it so popular? One of the reasons is that it reflects the fears of many people; fear of the unknown, fear of what is not understood or, at least, fear of something that is not completely understood.
   
    The fact is that every day it seems that computers take control of another area of our lives. Some factory jobs are now done by robots(机器人)and the robots are controlled by computers. Our bank accounts are managed by computers. At the airport, our tickets are sold by a computer. Certainly many of these operations are made more efficient by computers, but our admiration is sometimes mixed with unsafe feelings. And this lack of safety is caused by the fact that we do not know how computers do these things, and we really don’t know what they might do next.
   
    But we can find out how computers work, and once we understand them, we can use computers instead of worrying about being used by them. Today, there is a new generation of computer wizards(奇才) who know exactly how computers get things done. These young men and women, usually university students, are happy to sit for hours, sometimes for days, designing programs, not eating, not sleeping. But discovering what can be done by these wonderful slaves which they have learned to control. These computer wizards have learned to use the computer and search for new tasks for their machine.
   
    1. We can know that the scientists who designed the machines _______.
   
    A. are careless in their daily life
   
    B. are unkind and cruel
   
    C. are out of their mind
   
    D. have great abilities
   
    2. The reason why many people are afraid of computers is that _______.
   
    A. they don’t know anything about computers
   
    B. they haven’t really understood computers
   
    C. there are so many computer games
   
    D. computers are often down
   
    3. The author mentions computer wizards in order to point to that _______.
   
    A. computers can be controlled by man
   
    B. there should be more people devoted to computers
   
    C. only young people are interested in computers
   
    D. more time and energy is required to control computers
   
    4. Who designed all the machines?
   
    5. Where have you probably read about the paragraph one?
   
    答案:
   
    1. D
   
    解析:A,B选项文中未提到,C选项仅从字面意思中理解了mad scientists的含义,故选D
   
    2. B
   
    解析:A选项,人们并不是对电脑一无所知,所以与文章主旨矛盾,C选项computer games在文中未提及项,D选项,文中未提及,故选B
   
    3. A
   
    解析:B选项文中未提及,C选项以点盖面,These young men and women仅仅是作者举得一个例子,并不是全部,D选项,文中未提及
   
    4. Mad scientists.
   
    解析:由第一段最后一句话可知:The machines were designed by mad scientists
   
    5. You have probably read something like it in magazines or books, or seen it in a film.
   
    解析:由第二段第二句话Some factory jobs are now done by robots and the robots are controlled by computers可知

 

Zhang Shangwu, a 27-year-old former champion gymnast turned thief and beggar, was recognized by a passerby, who took a picture of him begging and performing at a subway station in Beijing before he was soon driven away by a patrolling policeman on July 14. The passerby posted the shot online, which again drew public interest in the fallen star.

   
    27岁的张尚武,昔日的体操冠军,如今却沦落为梁上君子和街头乞丐。7月14日,在北京一地铁站卖艺乞讨的他被一名路人认出,并拍下他行乞及随后遭巡警驱赶的一幕。路人将这一幕发布到网上,使这名“陨落之星”再次进入公众的视野。
   
    Born in Baoding, Hebei province, and admitted to the national gymnastics team when he was 12 years old, Zhang won rings gold at the 2001 Beijing Universiade at the age of 18. He also won the team title for men’s gymnastics with great athletes Xing Aowei and Yang Wei in the same event.
   
    张尚武是河北保定人,12岁时入选国家体操队。在2001年北京大运会上,18岁的张尚武获得吊环金牌,还和邢傲伟、杨威等名将在该届大运会一起夺得了男团体操比赛的冠军。
   
    However, his promising gymnastics career came to a sudden standstill in 2003 when he suffered a tendon injury and failed to be selected for China's gymnastics team for the 2004 Athens Olympic Games. Zhang fell out with his provincial team coach and left the team after he was disqualified from the national team.
   
    然而,他前程似锦的体操生涯在2003年戛然而止--他因脚跟腱损伤没能出现在2004年雅典奥运会中国体操队的阵容中。张尚武被国家队淘汰后又和省队教练闹翻,不久便离开了省队。
   
    In 2007, Zhang was caught stealing athletic equipment worth 30,000 yuan from Beijing Xiannongtan Sports School. He also confessed he had committed about 10 similar thefts because of financial problems. Zhang was then sentenced four years in prison in 2007. On April 12 this year, Zhang was released after serving his sentence.
   
    2007年,张尚武因在北京先农坛体育运动技术学校盗窃价值3万元的体育用品被逮捕。他还供认自己因经济拮据曾犯下约10起类似盗窃案。2007年,张尚武被判处4年有期徒刑,于今年4月12日刑满释放。
   
    He said he had no choice -- no one helped him and the school didn't provide him with basic living allowances. Zhang received approval to retire from the Hebei Administration of Sports in 2003 and was compensated about 60,000 yuan. There has been heavy criticism in the media about how little help Zhang received from the national sports system since a tendon injury in 2003 ended his career.
   
    张尚武说他别无选择--没人提供帮助,学校也没给他提供基本的生活补贴。2003年河北省体育局批准张尚武退役,曾给过他约6万元赔偿金。张尚武是因为脚跟腱损伤才在2003年结束体育生涯,得到的补偿金却如此微薄,就此媒体方面强烈谴责国家体育制度的弊端。


 

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